Zen Do Kai
The first Zen Do Kai dojo was opened at Elizabeth Street, Melbourne. Jones states that it was originally intended to cater for those who worked in the security industry.1 Zen Do Kai follows the classical martial arts model with a distinct hierarchy, a philosophy and the promotion of the ethical code of Bushido.
Bob Jones describes Zen Do Kai as an "open system", and as such is "open to influences and ideas from all around the world",1 embracing elements from Boxing, grappling, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Eskrima, Judo, Karate and Muay Thai.1 Zen Do Kai means, according to Jones, "the best of everything in progression",1 and its elements include self-defense moves, kata, and strike work. It is set apart from many forms of traditional karate because it allows many techniques and practices used by Thai kickboxing. The Zen Do Kai philosophy encompasses the principle of "if it works, use it" and as such contains elements of a variety of other martial arts.
Malcolm Anderson was sent to Queensland to take charge of the development of Zen Do Kai in that region in the 1970s. By the end of the 1990, he had established a very successful franchise, peaking with about 120 schools.3non-primary source needed
Disputes arose between Anderson and Jones that led to Anderson being removed as the head of Zen Do Kai in Queensland in late-2000.