Tekken

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Tekken

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This article is about the video game series. For the first game in the series, see Tekken (video game). For other uses, see Tekken (disambiguation).
Tekken
Tekken Logo (New Gen).gif
Tekken series logo
Genres Fighting
Developers Namco
Publishers Namco (Namco Bandai)
Platforms Arcade, PlayStation, Wonder Swan, PlayStation 2, Game Boy Advance, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Network, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Windows, Nintendo 3DS, Wii U, iOS, Android
Platform of origin Arcade/PlayStation
First release Tekken
December 9, 1994
Latest release Tekken Arena
October 29, 2013
Spin-offs Live-action and animated films, comics
Official website www.tekken.com

Tekken (Japanese: 鉄拳?, "Iron Fist") is a fighting game franchise created, developed and published by Namco (later Namco Bandai Games). Beginning with the original Tekken in 1994, the series has received several sequels as well as updates and spin-off titles. The series has also been adapted into three films and other media. The series' official English name is always written in all-capital letters (TEKKEN, abbreviated to TK).

The story in each game in the main series documents the events of the King of Iron Fist Tournament, hosted by the Mishima Zaibatsu corporation. The prize is typically control of the company, which then allows the winner to host the following tournament.

Games

Each major installment debuted in arcades, and the hardware used to run them traditionally had PlayStation-based hardware. Subsequently each Tekken installment was eventually ported to its respective PlayStation console.

The first game in the series, Tekken, was released in 1994, first as an arcade game and then as a port for the PlayStation.12 Two sequels, Tekken 2 and Tekken 3, were released in the same fashion in 1996 and 1998, respectively.3456 Tekken 3 was also ported to the Game Boy Advance as Tekken Advance in 2001.78

The next two sequels, Tekken 4 and Tekken 5, were ported to the PlayStation 2 in 2002 and 2004, respectively, following their release in arcades.9101112 A PlayStation Portable and PlayStation 3 version of Tekken 5, retitled Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection, was released in 2006.1314 An online version of Tekken 5: Dark Resurrection was also released in 2007 for the PlayStation Network.

Tekken 6 was originally released for arcades in 2007, followed by an updated version in 2008 titled Tekken 6: Bloodline Rebellion.15 In 2009, the update was released for the PS3, PSP and Xbox 360 as Tekken 6.1617 Tekken 6-based Tekken 3D: Prime Edition was released for the Nintendo 3DS in 2012. The seventh installment, Tekken 7 was announced at the EVO 2014 event on July 13, and will be powered by Unreal Engine 4.18

Spin-off and crossover games

A spin-off title under the name of Tekken Tag Tournament was released in 1999. In contrast to previous titles, Tekken Tag Tournament features tag battles. In 2000, Tekken Tag Tournament was the first Tekken game ported to the PS2. A remastered version of the game, Tekken Tag Tournament HD, was included in the 2011 collection Tekken Hybrid,19 which also contained a playable demo of Tekken Tag Tournament 2 and the film Tekken: Blood Vengeance.20 Tekken Tag Tournament 2 was released in Japanese arcades in 2011.17 Its console version was released the next year and is based on the updated arcade version that contained new features.21 A free to play version of Tekken was released in 2013 for PSN as Tekken Revolution.

Tekken Card Challenge was released on the WonderSwan, a Japan-exclusive handheld, in 1999.2223 A spin-off action adventure game featuring series' character Nina Williams as the protagonist, Death by Degrees, released for the PS2 in 2005.2425 Two mobile Tekken spin-off games were released in 2011: a 2D fighting game Tekken Resolute, which was the first game not to include Heihachi Mishima,26 and Tekken Bowl, the bowling mini-game from Tekken Tag Tournament, for the iOS operating system. Tekken Bowl was first game not to include Yoshimitsu, Nina Williams, Paul Phoenix, or King.27 In 2013, a third mobile game titled Tekken Card Tournament was released by Namco Bandai to the App Store for iOS and Google Play Store on Android.2829 It is currently in public beta status, featuring virtual cards, an in-game store to buy booster packs, and online tournaments. Namco Bandai also plans to release real world cards that have QR codes to upgrade the virtual cards and unlock new characters. That same year, Namco Bandai also released Tekken Arena to the Google Play Store on Android.30

Namco and Capcom agreed to create crossover games of the Tekken and Street Fighter franchises. In 2012, Street Fighter X Tekken was released, followed by Tekken X Street Fighter (in development as of 2013).3132 The former game was developed by Capcom and includes 2D gameplay mechanics as seen in Street Fighter IV, whereas the latter game will be developed by Namco and will include the gameplay mechanics from Tekken Tag Tournament 2.33

Gameplay

As with many fighting games, players choose a character from a lineup and engage in hand-to-hand combat with an opponent. Traditional fighting games are usually played with buttons which correspond to the strength of the attack, such as strong punch or weak kick. Tekken, however, dedicates a button to each of the four limbs of the fighter.34 In the original Tekken, players could not block attacks. From then on, starting with Tekken 2, characters automatically block while not moving forward or performing actions, a feature called "neutral guard." Standing or retreating characters will block high and middle attacks with no input from the player, while crouching characters will duck high attacks and block low ones. Normal middle attacks will hit crouching players, but some special mid-attacks can be blocked by both stand and crouching neutral guards. Meanwhile, pressing backwards will give the player an "active guard" that can withstand certain combo attacks that would normally penetrate the neutral guard. The gameplay system also includes throws, escapes, and ground fighting. Some characters are equipped with parries and reversals that act like traditional "press button to block" systems.

Tekken 3 introduced several gameplay possibilities that were retained in later games, including the ability to sidestep into the foreground or background.35 Tekken 3 and later games also reduced recovery time after being knocked down and gave characters rolls to recover instantly after hitting the ground, allowing the player to get back into the fight more quickly at the risk of being hit while rolling. Tekken 4 gave characters even greater mobility by adding true 3D movement inside geometrically complex arenas with uneven ground, obstacles, and walls. The 3D gameplay allows damaging side and back throws as a reward for outmaneuvering the opponent, as well as evasive attacks that develop directly from a sidestep.

Tekken 5 saw a combination of walled and infinite arenas, while discarding uneven ground. Tekken 6 retains much of the design from Tekken 5 but also includes a "Rage" mode, which actives when a character is near the end of his vitality bar and earns a damage multiplier. "Bound" hits were also added, in which a player connected with an airborne opponent will place him in an inescapable grounded state, allowing combo extensions. Tekken 6 also has destructible floors that allow the fighters to fall through to new fighting areas when broken.

Characters

Models dressed up as Nina, Lili, Anna and Ling Xiaoyu at the E3 2012

Players can choose from a diverse cast that hails from a variety of ethnic backgrounds and fighting styles. A few characters have supernatural origin, such as Devil, Angel, Mokujin and Ogre, while animal characters like Kuma, Panda, the Roger family, and Alex provide comic relief.36 In the story mode of the game, each character generally has their own personal reasons for entering the tournament and competing for the prize.

So far, only three characters have appeared in all nine Tekken installments: Heihachi Mishima, Paul Phoenix and Nina Williams (prior to Tekken Revolution this list also included Yoshimitsu). The Jack cyborgs, Kazuya Mishima, and Lee Chaolan appeared in eight installments (though Mishima did make a cameo in the third game). Other recurring characters includes Anna Williams, Lei Wulong, Armor King, Marshall Law and King. In fact, all nine games feature Law, King and Kuma style fighters, even if they were represented by different characters (i.e. Marshal vs. Forest Law, King vs. King II, and Kuma vs Kuma II).

Characters with background connections in the story typically have styles or moves in common. For example, the three playable generations of the "orthodox" Mishima family (Heihachi, Kazuya, and Jin) have handed down many family techniques, such as their signature "crouch-dash" and the moves that chain from it. Jin Kazama is more divergent, because his mother Jun Kazama was also a playable character, and he inherited some of her moves along with Kazuya's. There are other story relationships that affect gameplay, such as Wang Jinrei and his granddaughter/student Ling Xiaoyu, or Baek Doo San and his student Hwoarang. Some, like Anna Williams, started as an "alternate costume" for an existing character before branching out and getting some unique moves in later installments.3738

Some Tekken characters have been featured as guest characters in other video games, such as Anna Kournikova's Smash Court Tennis, Digimon World Re:Digitize, Naruto Shippuden: Ultimate Ninja Storm 2, Pac-Man Fever, Smash Court Tennis Pro Tournament 2, Soulcalibur II, PlayStation All-Stars Battle Royale, Ridge Racer 6 and Urban Reign, as well as in some crossover role-playing video games, including Cross Edge, Namco × Capcom, Project X Zone and Queen's Gate: Spiral Chaos.

Adaptations

Animated films

Tekken: The Motion Picture, a two-part OVA anime series, was released in Japan in 1998. It was developed by Studio Deen and directed by Kunihisa Sugishima. Its story follows Kazuya Mishima's revenge against his father Heihachi in the King of Iron Fist Tournament.39

Tekken: Blood Vengeance, a full-length CGI-animated film in Digital 3D directed by Youichi Mouri, premiered in the United States in 2011 and was released in Japan two months later that same year. Digital Frontier developed and Bandai Entertainment distributed the film.40 Blood Vengeance is an alternate retelling between the events of Tekken 5 and Tekken 6.41 It was released in Japan in December 2011 as a part of the Tekken Hybrid collection.20

Live-action films

Tekken, a live-action film directed by Dwight H. Little and starring John Foo, Ian Anthony Dale and Kelly Overton, was released in Japan on March 20, 2010 through Warner Bros. Pictures. The film focuses on Jin Kazama who enters into the King of Iron Fist Tournament after his mother's death.42 Katsuhiro Harada, director of the Tekken video game series, has panned the film.43 A prequel to the 2010 film titled Tekken 2: Kazuya's Revenge is set to be released on August 21, 2014. It is directed by Wych Kaosayananda and stars Kane Kosugi and Kelly Wenham, with Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa and Gary Daniels returning from the first film.44

Tekken Tag Tournament 2, a live-action short film by Wild Stunt Europe, was released on Namco Bandai Games Europe's YouTube Channel on October 19, 2012.45

Other media

There have been five printed adaptations of the Tekken games. Knightstone Comics published both Tekken Saga and Tekken 2, released in October 1997 and September 1998 respectively. Both comics were written by John Kim and illustrated by Walter McDaniel.4647 Tekken Forever, a comic book by Dave Chi, illustrated by Paco Diaz, and published by Image Comics in December 2001, features a story that focused on the Kazama family and also the Unknown character from Tekken Tag Tournament.48 Tekken: Tatakai no Kanatani (鉄拳:戦いの彼方に?, lit. "Tekken: The Other Side of Battle") is a manga written by Keiichi Suzuki and published by Shogakukan, which was collected in two tankōbon volumes with the first one on December 5, 2000 and the second one on April 5, 2001.4950 Tekken Comic is a manga illustrated by Rui Takato and published by Ultra Egg Jump in 2009. Although the story leads up to the King of Iron Fist Tournament 6, it is non-canonical to the main video game series.

Characters and settings from the series also appear in the collectible card game Universal Fighting System by Fantasy Flight Games and in Epic Battles by Score Entertainment.

Reception

Aggregate review scores
As of September 25, 2012.
Game GameRankings Metacritic
Tekken (PS) 75.00%51
Tekken 2 (PS) 92.50%52 (PS) 8953
Tekken 3 (PS) 95.80%54 (PS) 9655
Tekken 4 (PS2) 81.35%56 (PS2) 7957
Tekken 5 (PS2) 89.20%58 (PS2) 8859
Tekken 6 (PSP) 82.60%60
(X360) 81.09%61
(PS3) 79.74%62
(PSP) 8263
(X360) 8064
(PS3) 7965

As of August 2010, the Tekken franchise has sold 41 million units of games.66 Critical reception to the games has been positive with Tekken 3 receiving an average of 96% at Metacritic and GameRankings.5455

Developers of non-Tekken games have commented on the series in various ways. Ed Boon, the co-creator of Mortal Kombat, revealed in one of his interviews with GamePro that his favorite fighting game out of his competitors is Tekken.67 Both Sega and Namco have shown interest in a possible crossover between Virtua Fighter and Tekken.68 The series has often been labelled as a "rival" to Virtua Fighter as the two became the most famous 3D fighting game series.69 On the other hand, Tomonobu Itagaki, designer of the Dead or Alive series, expressed dislike for the Tekken franchise to the point of placing it as one of his most hated games.70

In 2012, Complex ranked Tekken at number 11 on the list of the best video game franchises, commenting: "Just when we thought that the Street Fighter franchise was going to be the epitome of fighting games, Tekken came to make it share its portion of the knuckle-busting pie. Tekken has cult-like fans who live and breathe the moves and storylines."71

Tekken Museum

In May 2012, Namco Bandai opened Tekken Museum in Osaka, Japan.72 The museum showcases goods, action figures, artworks, life-size statues of Tekken characters, and various merchandise. The items on display will be rotated regularly so that the museum is worth multiple visits,73 but the admission is free. Namco held a grand opening on May 26, 2012 which featured a tournament for visitors.

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External links