Shooto

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This article is about a martial arts organization. For the baseball pitch, see Shuuto. For shutō, see Knifehand strike.
Shooto
Shooto.png
Focus Hybrid
Country of origin Japan Japan
Creator Sayama Satoru
Famous practitioners Shinya Aoki, Noboru Asahi, Ron Balicki, Takanori Gomi, Joachim Hansen, Hatsu Hioki, Enson Inoue, Tatsuya Kawajiri, Yuki Nakai, Yorinaga Nakamura, Erik Paulson, Vítor Ribeiro, Hayato Sakurai, Rumina Sato, Caol Uno
Parenthood Catch Wrestling, Judo, Jujutsu, Sambo, Kickboxing
Olympic sport No

Shooto is a combat sport/mixed martial arts system and mixed martial arts organization that is governed by the Shooto Association and the International Shooto Commission. Shooto was originally formed in 1985, as an organization and as a particular fighting system derived from shoot wrestling. Practitioners are referred to as shooters, similarly to practitioners of shoot wrestling. Shooto rules have evolved such that their events are now true mixed martial arts competitions.

The word shooto is an English transliteration of 修斗 (pronounced shū-to), an ateji derived from the English word "shoot". The word 修斗 can be translated as "learn combat".

History

Shooto was established as a "New Martial arts"(Shin-Kakutōgi) in 1985 by Satoru Sayama (the original Tiger Mask), a Japanese professional wrestler trained in shoot wrestling, who wished to create a sport that revolved around a realistic and effective fighting system.12 After its establishment New Martial arts was renamed "Shooting" which came from Shoot, a term of professional wrestling meaning "Serious match", but this changed to "Shooto" to avoid confusion with Shooting sports. Compared to the other professional wrestling organizations of the time, such as the New Japan Pro Wrestling and the Universal Wrestling Federation (Japan), Shooto was aimed at having no predetermined results. The first amateur event was held in 1986 and the first professional event in 1989.12

The Shooto organization hosted the Vale Tudo Japan tournament in the summer of 1994. Previously to this tournament, Shooto did not feature punches to the face in a ground position, but after seeing effective usage of punching by foreign participants, Sayama decided to incorporate these striking techniques into shooto. In April 1996, World Shooto, the Shooto Association and the International Shooto Commission were formed. This marked the end of Shooto as a single organization, and turned it into a combat sport with governing bodies. Since establishment of ISC, the champions of Shooto are called "World Champion". Vale Tudo Japan events were held annually from 1994 to 1999.3 In May 2009, it was announced that Vale Tudo Japan would return for the first time in ten years on October 30, 2009.

Shooto was brought to America in the late 1980s by top student of Satoru Sayama, Yorinaga Nakamura. He began teaching Shooto at the Inosanto Academy in 1991, and is the instructor of Erik Paulson, Ron Balicki, Dan Inosanto, Larry Hartsell, and many others.

Shooto South America, also known as ShootoBazil is managed by founder of Nova União mixed martial arts academy, André Pederneiras.4 Its first event was held in Rio de Janeiro in May 20025

There has been an ongoing effort to bring Shooto competition to the United States and Canada that has been spearheaded by Rich Santoro. He was officially named the Director of the International Shooto Commission - SHOOTO Americas division (the North American branch of the Shooto Association) in 2001. He has worked with both U.S. event promoters and state officials to spread the Shooto brand of competition throughout North America. As of 2006 Shooto has taken place in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Tennessee, Missouri, Nevada, Hawaii, and Vancouver, British Columbia. Promoters of Shooto events in North America have been HOOKnSHOOT, The Ironheart Crown, Midwest Fighting, Tennessee Shooto, RSF Shooto Challenge, TUFF-N-UFF, World Freestyle Fighting, SHOOTO Hawaii and Mannidog Productions.

Previous to 2009, Shooto's rules included a knockdown rule giving knocked down fighters an eight-count to recover as well as allowing strikes to the back of the head. Shooto had argued that the potential for a knocked out (and thus unconscious) fighter to receive unnecessary damage while on the ground necessitated the rule, but with Shooto being one of the lone organizations still having the rule, consideration of the potential for injury allowing a knocked down fighter time to recover thus allowing additional blows, and with the original vision of Shooto's founder being a synthesis of striking, throwing and submitting - the rulechange was instituted in mid-2008. The disallowment of strikes to the back of the head was done for similar medical reasons.1

Techniques and strategies

The aim in a shooto match is to defeat the opponent by a knockout or a submission, but fights can also end in a referee stoppage or by a judge decision. Legal techniques include general grappling, chokeholds, joint locks, kicks, knee strikes, punches, takedowns and throws. Illegal techniques include biting, elbow strikes, eye-gouging, forearm strikes, hair pulling, headbutting, kicking or kneeing the head of a downed opponent, small joint manipulation, strikes to the groin or throat and since September 1, 2008, strikes to the back of the head.1

Fighter classes

Shooto fighters are categorized into four Classes.

  • Class-D : Amateur (2x2min, Headgear, Special point system)
  • Class-C : Amateur (2x3min, Headgear, Special point system)
  • Class-C+: Amateur (2x3min)
  • Class-B : Pro (2x5min)
  • Class-A : Pro (3x5min)

Fighters start out as Class-D or Class-C fighters and enter amateur competitions that Shooto hosts together with the help of local gyms all over Japan. Class-D Shooto does not allow knee strikes to the face or striking on the ground. Class-C Shooto does not allow striking on the ground, but knee strikes to the head are allowed. There are regional championship and once a year the All-Japan amateur championships. Then a fighter can get a Class-B pro license, these fights are 2x5 minute long and use the same rules as Class-A fights. For new pros Shooto each year hold a rookie tournament in each weightclass.

When a fighter has gathered enough wins and experience in Class-B he will get awarded with a Class-A license, as a sign that he's part of the elite professional fighters.

Current Shooto World champions

Men's division Upper weight limit Champion Title Defenses
Light Heavyweight 183 lb (83 kg; 13.1 st) Vacant 0
Middleweight 168 lb (76 kg; 12.0 st) Vacant 0
Welterweight 154 lb (70 kg; 11.0 st) Japan Kuniyoshi Hironaka 1
Lightweight 143 lb (65 kg; 10.2 st) Japan Yusuke Yachi 0
Featherweight 132 lb (60 kg; 9.4 st) Vacant 0
Bantamweight 123 lb (56 kg; 8.8 st) Vacant 0
Flyweight 115 lb (52 kg; 8.2 st) Japan Mikihito Yamagami 0

Current Shooto Pacific Rim champions

Men's division Upper weight limit Champion Title Defenses
Middleweight 167 lb (76 kg; 11.9 st) Japan Akihiro Murayama 0
Welterweight 154 lb (70 kg; 11.0 st) Japan Yoshihiro Koyama 1
Lightweight 143 lb (65 kg; 10.2 st) Vacant 0
Featherweight 133 lb (60 kg; 9.5 st) Vacant 0

Current Shooto South America champions

Men's division Upper weight limit Champion Title Defenses
Heavyweight 220 lb (100 kg; 16 st) Vacant 0
Cruiserweight 201 lb (91 kg; 14.4 st) Vacant 0
Light Heavyweight 183 lb (83 kg; 13.1 st) Vacant 0
Middleweight 168 lb (76 kg; 12.0 st) Vacant 0
Welterweight 154 lb (70 kg; 11.0 st) BrazilRonys Torres 0
Lightweight 143 lb (65 kg; 10.2 st) Vacant 0
Featherweight 132 lb (60 kg; 9.4 st) BrazilZeilton Rodrigues 0
Bantamweight 123 lb (56 kg; 8.8 st) Vacant 0
Flyweight 115 lb (52 kg; 8.2 st) Brazil Lincon de Sa 1

References

External links

See also