Jiaxing

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Jiaxing

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Jiaxing
嘉兴市
Prefecture-level city
Jiaxing Southlake dark.jpg
Location of Jiaxing City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Location of Jiaxing City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Jiaxing is located in China
Jiaxing
Jiaxing
Location in China
Coordinates: 30°46′N 120°45′E / 30.767°N 120.750°E / 30.767; 120.750
Country People's Republic of China
Province Zhejiang
County-level divisions 7
Township-level divisions 75
Government
 • Mayor Li Weining (李卫宁)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 3,915 km2 (1,512 sq mi)
 • Urban 968 km2 (374 sq mi)
 • Metro 968 km2 (374 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 4,501,700
 • Density 1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,201,900
 • Metro 1,201,900
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 573
GDP ¥229.6 billion
GDP per capita ¥67,410
License Plate Prefix F
Website http://www.jiaxing.gov.cn/

City Flower Blossom of pomegranate City Tree Camphor laurel

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb.
Jiaxing
Traditional Chinese 嘉興
Simplified Chinese 嘉兴
Wu Gāshīng [kɑɕiŋ]
Postal Map Kashing

Jiaxing (Chinese: 嘉兴; pinyin: Jiāxīng; Wu Chinese: Gāshīng [kɑɕiŋ]) is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province, People's Republic of China. Lying on the Grand Canal of China, Jiaxing borders Hangzhou to the southwest, Huzhou to the west, Shanghai to the northeast, and the province of Jiangsu to the north. Its built-up area made of 2 urban districts was home to 1,201,900 inhabitants at the 2010 census.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Jiaxing administers 7 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 3 county-level cities and 2 counties.

Map Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin
Jiaxing mcp.jpg
1 Nanhu District 南湖区 Nánhú Qū
2 Xiuzhou District 秀洲区 Xiùzhōu Qū
6 Jiashan County 嘉善县 Jiāshàn Xiàn
7 Haiyan County 海盐县 Hǎiyán Xiàn
4 Haining 海宁市 Hǎiníng Shì
3 Pinghu 平湖市 Pínghú Shì
5 Tongxiang 桐乡市 Tóngxiāng Shì

These are further divided into 75 township-level divisions, including 60 towns, 2 townships and 13 subdistricts.

History

  • Spring and Autumn Period: Jiaxing is known as Zuili (Drunken Plums) and is an important city in the state of Yuè.
  • 210 BC: Qin Shi Huang changed the name of Jiaxing from Changshui District (長水縣) to Youquan (由拳縣).
  • 231: Master Yedao (野稻) of Jiaxing informed Sun Quan of the Kingdom of Wu that there was a sign of auspice, so Sun changed Youchuan to Hexing District (禾興縣). This why Jiaxing's abbreviation is He. Sun also changed his era name to Jiahe (嘉禾) in the following year.
  • January 242: Sun He was made the crown prince. Because of the naming taboo, Jiahe was changed to Jiaxing.
  • 938: (Later Jin of the Five Dynasties): Xiu Prefecture (秀州) established
  • 1117: (Song Dynasty): Jiahe District (嘉禾郡)
  • 1429: (Ming Dynasty): Xiushui District (秀水縣) was established northwest of Jiaxing.
  • Early 1900s (the Republic of China): Xiushui and Jiaxing were combined into Jiahe County
  • 1914: Reverted to Jiaxing County (because there's a Jiahe in Hunan)
  • 1921: Communist Party of China founded at the South Lake in Jiaxing.
  • 1949 − 1958, 1979 (PRC): Upgraded to a cityclarification needed
  • 1981: Old Jiaxing County merged into the city
  • 1983: Upgraded to prefecture-level city

Economy

Jiaxing is well known as the 'hometown of silk', hence it is a famous producer of textiles and woollens. It is one of the world's largest exporters of leather goods. There are mechanical, chemical and electronic industries there.

Jiaxing is an important energy base in East China. Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, the first self-designed nuclear power station in China, and Fangjiashan Nuclear Power Plant (under construction) are located in Haiyan County.

South Korea tire maker Hankook Tire has a production facility in Jiaxing Development Zone for cars and light trucks. Hankook Tire (Jiaxing) Co., Limited was opened in 1996.1

Industrial zone

Jiaxing Export Processing Zone

Established in 2003, Jiaxing Export Processing Zone is a state-level export processing zone approved by State Council. It has a built-up area of 2.98 sqkm. Its development goal is to become the export processing base for IT, IC, mechanical and electrical, electronics and other high-tech industries.2

Tourism

Transportation

The city is served by two railway stations: Jiaxing Railway Station, on the Shanghai–Kunming Railway, and Jiaxing South Railway Station on the high speed Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway.

Jiaxing would be a station on the proposed (but, apparently, shelved) Shanghai-Hangzhou Maglev Train line.

The city is served by two long-distance bus stations: Jiaxing North Bus Station and the new Jiaxing Transportation Center.

Jiaxing is on the G92 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway, G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway and China National Highway 320.

Jiaxing's local air force base is being converted to a public-use airport.3

The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal runs across Jiaxing.

Language

Jiaxing dialect is a Northern Wu dialect in the Sujiahu dialect grouping. As such, it is a sister dialect of both Shanghainese and Suzhou dialect, and easily intelligible with both. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin or other varieties of Chinese such as Cantonese or Hakka.

Notable people

See also

References

External links