Location of Jiaxing City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Li Weining (李卫宁)|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,915 km2 (1,512 sq mi)|
|• Urban||968 km2 (374 sq mi)|
|• Metro||968 km2 (374 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,501,700|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP per capita||¥67,410|
|License Plate Prefix||浙F|
|Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb.|
Jiaxing (Chinese: 嘉兴; pinyin: Jiāxīng; Wu Chinese: Gāshīng [kɑɕiŋ]) is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province, People's Republic of China. Lying on the Grand Canal of China, Jiaxing borders Hangzhou to the southwest, Huzhou to the west, Shanghai to the northeast, and the province of Jiangsu to the north. Its built-up area made of 2 urban districts was home to 1,201,900 inhabitants at the 2010 census.
|1||Nanhu District||南湖区||Nánhú Qū|
|2||Xiuzhou District||秀洲区||Xiùzhōu Qū|
|6||Jiashan County||嘉善县||Jiāshàn Xiàn|
|7||Haiyan County||海盐县||Hǎiyán Xiàn|
- Spring and Autumn Period: Jiaxing is known as Zuili (Drunken Plums) and is an important city in the state of Yuè.
- 210 BC: Qin Shi Huang changed the name of Jiaxing from Changshui District (長水縣) to Youquan (由拳縣).
- 231: Master Yedao (野稻) of Jiaxing informed Sun Quan of the Kingdom of Wu that there was a sign of auspice, so Sun changed Youchuan to Hexing District (禾興縣). This why Jiaxing's abbreviation is He. Sun also changed his era name to Jiahe (嘉禾) in the following year.
- January 242: Sun He was made the crown prince. Because of the naming taboo, Jiahe was changed to Jiaxing.
- 938: (Later Jin of the Five Dynasties): Xiu Prefecture (秀州) established
- 1117: (Song Dynasty): Jiahe District (嘉禾郡)
- 1429: (Ming Dynasty): Xiushui District (秀水縣) was established northwest of Jiaxing.
- Early 1900s (the Republic of China): Xiushui and Jiaxing were combined into Jiahe County
- 1914: Reverted to Jiaxing County (because there's a Jiahe in Hunan)
- 1921: Communist Party of China founded at the South Lake in Jiaxing.
- 1949 − 1958, 1979 (PRC): Upgraded to a cityclarification needed
- 1981: Old Jiaxing County merged into the city
- 1983: Upgraded to prefecture-level city
Jiaxing is well known as the 'hometown of silk', hence it is a famous producer of textiles and woollens. It is one of the world's largest exporters of leather goods. There are mechanical, chemical and electronic industries there.
Jiaxing is an important energy base in East China. Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, the first self-designed nuclear power station in China, and Fangjiashan Nuclear Power Plant (under construction) are located in Haiyan County.
Established in 2003, Jiaxing Export Processing Zone is a state-level export processing zone approved by State Council. It has a built-up area of 2.98 sqkm. Its development goal is to become the export processing base for IT, IC, mechanical and electrical, electronics and other high-tech industries.2
Jiaxing would be a station on the proposed (but, apparently, shelved) Shanghai-Hangzhou Maglev Train line.
The city is served by two long-distance bus stations: Jiaxing North Bus Station and the new Jiaxing Transportation Center.
Jiaxing's local air force base is being converted to a public-use airport.3
The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal runs across Jiaxing.
Jiaxing dialect is a Northern Wu dialect in the Sujiahu dialect grouping. As such, it is a sister dialect of both Shanghainese and Suzhou dialect, and easily intelligible with both. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin or other varieties of Chinese such as Cantonese or Hakka.
- Zhu Yizun (朱彝尊), scholar and poet
- Wang Guowei (王国维), scholar, writer and poet
- Xu Zhimo (徐志摩), poet
- Shiing-Shen Chern (陈省身), mathematician
- Mao Dun (茅盾. or 沈德鴻, or沈雁冰), novelist, critic, journalist
- Zhang Yuanji (张元济), publisher
- Zhang Zhongjun (张钟俊), scientist
- Xu Kuangdi (徐匡迪), scientist, politician
- Zhu Shenghao (朱生豪), translator
- Zhang Leping (张乐平), cartoonist
- Yang Borun (杨伯润), poet, calligrapher, painter
- Jin Yong (金庸), novelist
- Fan Xiping (范西屏), Go player
- Miao Huixin (), artist
- Shen Junru (沈钧儒), politician, patriot
- Wu Outing (吴藕汀), poet, painter, culture scholar
- Yu Dafu (郁达夫）, author
- Zhou Hanming (), mathematician
- Jeremy Lin (林书豪), ancestral home, athlete of the New York Knicks
- 利, 众羊. "嘉兴要建民营飞机场". 0573ren.com. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jiaxing.|
- Government website of Jiaxing (English)