Chan at the Cannes Film Festival in 2008
|Chinese name||成龍 (traditional)|
|Chinese name||成龙 (simplified)|
|Pinyin||Chéng Lóng (Mandarin)|
|Jyutping||Sing4 Lung4 (Cantonese)|
|Birth name||Chan Kong-sang
Chén Gǎngshēng (Mandarin)
Can4 Gong2 Sang1 (Cantonese)
|Ancestry||Wuhu, Anhui, China|
|Origin||British Hong Kong|
7 April 1954 |
Victoria Peak, British Hong Kong
|Other name(s)||房仕龍 (Fong Si-lung)
元樓 (Yuen Lou)
大哥 (Big Brother)
|Occupation||Actor, martial artist, director, producer, screenwriter, action choreographer, singer, stunt director, stunt performer|
|Genre(s)||Cantopop, Mandopop, Hong Kong English pop, J-pop|
|Spouse(s)||Lin Feng-jiao (m. 1982)|
|Children||Jaycee Chan (born 1982), Etta Ng (born 1999)|
|Parents||Charles and Lee-Lee Chan|
Jackie Chan, SBS, MBE1 (born Chan Kong-sang, 陳港生; 7 April 1954)2 is a Hong Kong actor, martial artist, film director, producer, stuntman, and singer. In his movies, he is known for his acrobatic fighting style, comic timing, use of improvised weapons, and innovative stunts, which he typically performs himself. Chan has been training in Kung fu and Wing Chun. He has been acting since the 1960s and has appeared in over 150 films.
Chan has received stars on the Hong Kong Avenue of Stars and the Hollywood Walk of Fame. As a cultural icon, Chan has been referenced in various pop songs, cartoons, and video games. An operatically trained vocalist, Chan is also a Cantopop and Mandopop star, having released a number of albums and sung many of the theme songs for the films in which he has starred. He is also a notable philanthropist.3
- 1 Early life
- 2 Film career
- 3 Music career
- 4 Academic career
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Stunts and screen persona
- 7 Image and celebrity status
- 8 Political views and controversy
- 9 Entrepreneurship and philanthropy
- 10 Awards and nominations
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
Chan was born on 7 April 1954, in British Hong Kong, as Chan Kong-sang, to Charles and Lee-Lee Chan, refugees from the Chinese Civil War. He was nicknamed Pao-pao Chinese: 炮炮 ("Cannonball") because the energetic child was always rolling around.4 His parents worked for the French ambassador in Hong Kong, and Chan spent his formative years within the grounds of the consul's residence in the Victoria Peak district.5
Chan attended the Nah-Hwa Primary School on Hong Kong Island, where he failed his first year, after which his parents withdrew him from the school. In 1960, his father emigrated to Canberra, Australia, to work as the head cook for the American embassy, and Chan was sent to the China Drama Academy, a Peking Opera School run by Master Yu Jim-yuen.56 Chan trained rigorously for the next decade, excelling in martial arts and acrobatics.7 He eventually became part of the Seven Little Fortunes, a performance group made up of the school's best students, gaining the stage name Yuen Lo in homage to his master. Chan became close friends with fellow group members Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao, and the three of them later became known as the Three Brothers or Three Dragons.8 After entering the film industry, Chan along with Sammo Hung got the opportunity to train in Hapkido under the grand master Jin Pal Kim, and Chan eventually attained a black belt.9 Jackie Chan also trained in other styles of Martial Arts such as Karate, Judo, TaeKwonDo, & Jeet Kune Do.
He began his career by appearing in small roles at the age of five. At age eight, he appeared with some of his fellow "Little Fortunes" in the film Big and Little Wong Tin Bar (1962) with Li Li Hua playing his mother. Chan appeared with Li again the following year, in The Love Eterne (1963) and had a small role in King Hu's 1966 film Come Drink with Me.10 In 1971, after an appearance as an extra in another kung fu film, A Touch of Zen, Chan was signed to Chu Mu's Great Earth Film Company.11 At seventeen, he worked as a stuntman in the Bruce Lee films Fist of Fury and Enter the Dragon under the stage name Chan Yuen Lung (Chinese: 陳元龍).12 He received his first starring role later that year in Little Tiger of Canton that had a limited release in Hong Kong in 1973.13 In 1975, due to the commercial failures of his early ventures into films and trouble finding stunt work, Chan starred in a comedic adult film All in the Family in which Chan appears in his first nude sex scene. It is the only film he has made to date without a single fight scene or stunt sequence.14 Jackie Chan later also appeared in one other sex scene, in Shinjuku Incident.
Chan joined his parents in Canberra in 1976, where he briefly attended Dickson College and worked as a construction worker.15 A fellow builder named Jack took Chan under his wing, thus earning Chan the nickname of "Little Jack" that was later shortened to "Jackie", and the name Jackie Chan has stuck with him ever since.16 In the late 1990s, Chan changed his Chinese name to Fong Si-lung (Chinese: 房仕龍), since his father's original surname was Fong.16
Early exploits: 1976–1979
In 1976, Jackie Chan received a telegram from Willie Chan, a film producer in the Hong Kong film industry who had been impressed with Jackie's stunt work. Willie Chan offered him an acting role in a film directed by Lo Wei. Lo had seen Chan's performance in the John Woo film Hand of Death (1976) and planned to model him after Bruce Lee with the film New Fist of Fury.11 His stage name was changed to Sing Lung (Chinese: 成龍, also transcribed as Cheng Long,17 literally "become the dragon") to emphasise his similarity to Bruce Lee, whose stage name meant "Little Dragon" in Chinese. The film was unsuccessful because Chan was not accustomed to Lee's martial arts style. Despite the film's failure, Lo Wei continued producing films with similar themes, but with little improvement at the box office.18
Chan's first major breakthrough was the 1978 film Snake in the Eagle's Shadow, shot while he was loaned to Seasonal Film Corporation under a two-picture deal.19 Director Yuen Woo-ping allowed Chan complete freedom over his stunt work. The film established the comedic kung fu genre, and proved refreshing to the Hong Kong audience.20 Chan then starred in Drunken Master, which finally propelled him to mainstream success.21
Upon Chan's return to Lo Wei's studio, Lo tried to replicate the comedic approach of Drunken Master, producing Half a Loaf of Kung Fu and Spiritual Kung Fu.16 He also gave Chan the opportunity to co-direct The Fearless Hyena with Kenneth Tsang. When Willie Chan left the company, he advised Jackie to decide for himself whether or not to stay with Lo Wei. During the shooting of Fearless Hyena Part II, Chan broke his contract and joined Golden Harvest, prompting Lo to blackmail Chan with triads, blaming Willie for his star's departure. The dispute was resolved with the help of fellow actor and director Jimmy Wang Yu, allowing Chan to stay with Golden Harvest.19
Success in the action comedy genre: 1980–1987
Willie Chan became Jackie's personal manager and firm friend, and has remained so for over 30 years. He was instrumental in launching Chan's international career, beginning with his first forays into the American film industry in the 1980s. His first Hollywood film was The Big Brawl in 1980.22 Chan then played a minor role in the 1981 film The Cannonball Run, which grossed $100 million worldwide. Despite being largely ignored by audiences in favour of established American actors such as Burt Reynolds, Chan was impressed by the outtakes shown at the closing credits, inspiring him to include the same device in his future films.
Back in Hong Kong, Chan's films began to reach a larger audience in East Asia, with early successes in the lucrative Japanese market including The Young Master (1980) and Dragon Lord (1982). The Young Master went on to beat previous box office records set by Bruce Lee and established Chan as Hong Kong cinema's top star. With Dragon Lord, he began experimenting with elaborate stunt action sequences,23 including the final fight scene where he performs various stunts, including one where he does a back flip off a loft and falls to the lower ground.24
Chan produced a number of action comedy films with his opera school friends Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao. The three co-starred together for the first time in 1983 in Project A, which introduced a dangerous stunt-driven style of martial arts that won it the Best Action Design Award at the third annual Hong Kong Film Awards.25 Over the following two years, the "Three Brothers" appeared in Wheels on Meals and the original Lucky Stars trilogy.2627 In 1985, Chan made the first Police Story film, a US-influenced action comedy in which Chan performed a number of dangerous stunts. It was named the "Best Film" at the 1986 Hong Kong Film Awards.28 In 1987, Chan played "Asian Hawk," an Indiana Jones-esque character, in the film Armour of God. The film was Chan's biggest domestic box office success up to that point, grossing over HK$35 million.29
Acclaimed sequels and Hollywood breakthrough: 1988–1998
In 1988, Chan starred alongside Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao for the last time to date, in the film Dragons Forever. Hung co-directed with Corey Yuen, and the villain in the film was played by Yuen Wah, both of whom were fellow graduates of the China Drama Academy.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Chan starred in a number of successful sequels beginning with Police Story 2, which won the award for Best Action Choreography at the 1989 Hong Kong Film Awards. This was followed by Armour of God II: Operation Condor, and Police Story 3: Super Cop, for which Chan won the Best Actor Award at the 1993 Golden Horse Film Festival. In 1994, Chan reprised his role as Wong Fei-hung in Drunken Master II, which was listed in Time Magazine's All-Time 100 Movies.30 Another sequel, Police Story 4: First Strike, brought more awards and domestic box office success for Chan, but did not fare as well in foreign markets.31
Chan rekindled his Hollywood ambitions in the 1990s, but refused early offers to play villains in Hollywood films to avoid being typecast in future roles. For example, Sylvester Stallone offered him the role of Simon Phoenix, a criminal in the futuristic film Demolition Man. Chan declined and the role was taken by Wesley Snipes.32
Chan finally succeeded in establishing a foothold in the North American market in 1995 with a worldwide release of Rumble in the Bronx, attaining a cult following in the United States that was rare for Hong Kong movie stars.33 The success of Rumble in the Bronx led to a 1996 release of Police Story 3: Super Cop in the United States under the title Supercop, which grossed a total of US$16,270,600. Chan's first huge blockbuster success came when he co-starred with Chris Tucker in the 1998 buddy cop action comedy Rush Hour,34 grossing US$130 million in the United States alone.19 This film made him a Hollywood star, after which he wrote his autobiography in collaboration with Jeff Yang entitled I Am Jackie Chan.
Fame in Hollywood and Dramatization: 1999–2007
In 1998, Chan released his final film for Golden Harvest, Who Am I?. After leaving Golden Harvest in 1999, he produced and starred alongside Shu Qi in Gorgeous a romantic comedy that focused on personal relationships and featured only a few martial arts sequences.35 Chan then helped create a PlayStation game in 2000 called Jackie Chan Stuntmaster, to which he lent his voice and performed the motion capture.36 He continued his Hollywood success in 2000 when he teamed up with Owen Wilson in the Western action comedy Shanghai Noon which spawned the sequel Shanghai Knights (2003).37 He reunited with Chris Tucker for Rush Hour 2 (2001) which was an even bigger success than the original grossing $347 million worldwide. He experimented with special effects with The Tuxedo (2002) and The Medallion (2003) which were not as successful critically or commercially. In 2004 he teamed up with Steve Coogan in the big-budget loose adaptation of Jules Verne's Around the World in 80 Days.
Despite the success of the Rush Hour and Shanghai Noon films, Chan became frustrated with Hollywood over the limited range of roles and lack of control over the filmmaking process.38 In response to Golden Harvest's withdrawal from the film industry in 2003, Chan started his own film production company, JCE Movies Limited (Jackie Chan Emperor Movies Limited) in association with Emperor Multimedia Group (EMG).19 His films have since featured an increasing number of dramatic scenes while continuing to succeed at the box office; examples include New Police Story (2004), The Myth (2005) and the hit film Rob-B-Hood (2006).394041
Chan's next release was the third installment in the Rush Hour series: Rush Hour 3 in August 2007. It grossed US$255 million.42 However, it was a disappointment in Hong Kong, grossing only HK$3.5 million during its opening weekend.43
New experiments and change in style: 2008–present
Filming of The Forbidden Kingdom (released in 2008), Chan's first onscreen collaboration with fellow Chinese actor Jet Li, was completed on 24 August 2007 and the movie was released in April 2008. The movie featured heavy use of effects and wires.4445 Chan voiced Master Monkey in Kung Fu Panda (released in June 2008), appearing with Jack Black, Dustin Hoffman, and Angelina Jolie.46 In addition, he has assisted Anthony Szeto in an advisory capacity for the writer-director's film Wushu, released on 1 May 2008. The film stars Sammo Hung and Wang Wenjie as father and son.47
In November 2007, Chan began filming Shinjuku Incident, a dramatic role featuring no martial arts sequences with director Derek Yee, which sees Chan take on the role of a Chinese immigrant in Japan.48 The film was released on 2 April 2009. According to his blog, Chan discussed his wishes to direct a film after completing Shinjuku Incident, something he has not done for a number of years.49 The film is expected to be the third in the Armour of God series, and has a working title of Armour of God III: Chinese Zodiac. The film was released on 12 December 2012.50 Because the Screen Actors Guild did not go on strike, Chan started shooting his next Hollywood movie The Spy Next Door at the end of October in New Mexico.51 In The Spy Next Door, Chan plays an undercover agent whose cover is blown when he looks after the children of his girlfriend. In Little Big Soldier, Chan stars, alongside Leehom Wang as a soldier in the Warring States period in China. He is the lone survivor of his army and must bring a captured enemy soldier Leehom Wang to the capital of his province.
In 2010 he starred with Jaden Smith in The Karate Kid, a remake of the 1984 original.52 This was Chan's first dramatic American film. He plays Mr. Han, a kung fu master and maintenance man who teaches Jaden Smith's character kung fu so he can defend himself from school bullies. His role in "The Karate Kid" garnered Jackie Chan the Favorite Buttkicker award at the Nickelodeon's Kids' Choice Awards in 2011.53
In Chan's next movie, Shaolin, he plays the cook of the temple instead of one of the major characters.
His 100th movie, 1911, was released on September 26, 2011. Chan was the co-director, executive producer, and lead star of the movie.54 While Chan has directed over ten films over his career, this was his first directorial work since Who Am I? in 1998. 1911 premiered in North America on 14 October.55
While at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, Chan announced that he was retiring from action films citing that he was getting too old for the genre. He later clarified that he would not be completely retiring from action films, but would be performing fewer stunts and taking care of his body more.56
Chan had vocal lessons whilst at the Peking Opera School in his childhood. He began producing records professionally in the 1980s and has gone on to become a successful singer in Hong Kong and Asia. He has released 20 albums since 1984 and has performed vocals in Cantonese, Mandarin, Japanese, Taiwanese and English. He often sings the theme songs of his films, which play over the closing credits. Chan's first musical recording was "Kung Fu Fighting Man", the theme song played over the closing credits of The Young Master (1980).58 At least 10 of these recordings have been released on soundtrack albums for the films.5960 His Cantonese song Story of a Hero (英雄故事) (theme song of Police Story) was selected by the Royal Hong Kong Police and incorporated into their recruitment advertisement in 1994.61
Chan voiced the character of Shang in the Chinese release of the Walt Disney animated feature, Mulan (1998). He also performed the song "I'll Make a Man Out of You", for the film's soundtrack. For the US release, the speaking voice was performed by B.D. Wong and the singing voice was done by Donny Osmond.
In 2007, Chan recorded and released "We Are Ready", the official one-year countdown song to the 2008 Summer Olympics which he performed at a ceremony marking the one-year countdown to the 2008 Summer Paralympics.62 Chan also released one of the two official Olympics albums, Official Album for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games – Jackie Chan's Version, which featured a number of special guest appearances.63 Chan performed "Hard to Say Goodbye" along with Andy Lau, Liu Huan and Wakin (Emil) Chau, at the 2008 Summer Olympics closing ceremony.64
Chan received his Doctor of Social Science degree in 1996 from the Hong Kong Baptist University.65 In 2009, he received another honorary doctorate from the University of Cambodia,6667 and has also been awarded an honorary professorship by the Savannah College of Art and Design in Hong Kong in 2008.68
Prof Chan is currently a faculty member of the School of Hotel and Tourism Management at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University,69 where he teaches the subject of tourism management. As of 2015, he also serves as the Dean of the Jackie Chan Film and Television Academy under the Wuhan Institute of Design and Sciences.70
In 1982, Chan married Lin Feng-jiao (a.k.a. Joan Lin), a Taiwanese actress. Their son, singer and actor Jaycee Chan, was born that same year.38 As a result of an extra-marital affair with Chan, Elaine Ng Yi-Lei bore a daughter in 1999.717273 He speaks Cantonese, Mandarin, English, and American Sign Language and also speaks some German, Korean, Japanese, Spanish, and Thai.74 Chan is an avid football fan and supports the Hong Kong national football team, England National Football Team, and Manchester City.75
Stunts and screen persona
Chan has performed most of his own stunts throughout his film career, which are choreographed by the Jackie Chan Stunt Team. He has stated in interviews that the primary inspiration for his more comedic stunts were films such as The General directed by and starring Buster Keaton, who was also known to perform his own stunts. Since its establishment in 1983, Chan has used the team in all his subsequent films to make choreographing easier, given his understanding of each member's abilities.76 Chan and his team undertake many of the stunts performed by other characters in his films, shooting the scenes so that their faces are obscured.77
The dangerous nature of his stunts makes it difficult for Chan to get insurance, especially in the United States, where his stunt work is contractually limited.77 Chan holds the Guinness World Record for "Most Stunts by a Living Actor", which emphasises "no insurance company will underwrite Chan's productions in which he performs all his own stunts".78
Chan has been injured frequently when attempting stunts; many of them have been shown as outtakes or as bloopers during the closing credits of his films. He came closest to death filming Armour of God, when he fell from a tree and fractured his skull. Over the years, Chan has dislocated his pelvis and also broken numerous parts of body including his fingers, toes, nose, both cheekbones, hips, sternum, neck, ankle, and ribs.7980 Promotional materials for Rumble in the Bronx emphasised that Chan performed all of the stunts, and one version of the movie poster even diagrammed his many injuries.
Chan created his screen persona as a response to the late Bruce Lee, and the numerous imitators who appeared before and after Lee's death. In contrast to Lee's characters, who were typically stern, morally upright heroes, Chan plays well-meaning, slightly foolish regular men (often at the mercy of their friends, girlfriends or families) who always triumph in the end despite the odds.16 Additionally, Chan has stated that he deliberately styles his movement to be the opposite of Lee's: where Lee held his arms wide, Chan holds his tight to the body; where Lee was loose and flowing, Chan is tight and choppy. Despite the success of the Rush Hour series, Chan has stated that he is not a fan of it since he neither appreciates the action scenes in the movie, nor understands American humour.81
In the 2000s the aging Chan grew tired of being typecast as an action hero, prompting him to act with more emotion in his latest films.82 In New Police Story, he portrayed a character suffering from alcoholism and mourning his murdered colleagues.59 To further shed the image of "nice guy", Chan played an anti-hero for the first time in Rob-B-Hood starring as Thongs, a burglar with gambling problems.83 In 2009's Shinjuku Incident, a serious drama about unsavory characters set in Tokyo, Chan plays a low-level gangster.84
Image and celebrity status
Chan has received worldwide recognition for his acting and stunt work. His awards include the Innovator Award from the American Choreography Awards and a lifetime achievement award from the Taurus World Stunt Awards.85 He has stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and the Hong Kong Avenue of Stars.86 In addition, Chan has also been honoured by placing his hand and footprints at Grauman's Chinese Theatre.87 Despite considerable box office success in the Northsouth Territories, Chan's American films have been criticised with regard to their action choreography. Reviewers of Rush Hour 2, The Tuxedo, and Shanghai Knights criticised the toning down of Chan's fighting scenes, citing less intensity compared to his earlier films.888990 The comedic value of his films is questioned; some critics stating that it can be childish at times.91 Chan was awarded the MBE in 1989 and the Silver Bauhinia Star (SBS) in 1999.
Chan has been the subject of Ash's song "Kung Fu", Heavy Vegetable's "Jackie Chan Is a Punk Rocker", Leehom Wang's "Long Live Chinese People", as well as in "Jackie Chan" by Frank Chickens, and television shows Tim and Eric Awesome Show, Great Job!, Celebrity Deathmatch and Family Guy. He has been the inspiration for manga such as Dragon Ball (including a character with the alias "Jackie Chun"),92 the character Lei Wulong in Tekken and the fighting-type Pokémon Hitmonchan.939495
Jackie Chan has a sponsorship deal with Mitsubishi Motors that has resulted in the appearance of Mitsubishi cars in a number of his films. Furthermore, Mitsubishi launched a limited series of Evolution cars personally customised by Chan.969798
A number of video games have featured Chan. Jackie Chan's Action Kung Fu was released in 1990 for the PC-Engine and NES. In 1995, Chan was featured in the arcade fighting game Jackie Chan The Kung-Fu Master. A series of Japanese games were released on the MSX by Pony, based on several of Chan's films (Project A, Project A 2, Police Story, The Protector and Wheels on Meals).99
Chan says he has always wanted to be a role model to children, and has remained popular with them due to his good-natured acting style. He has generally refused to play villains and has been very restrained in using swear words in his films – he persuaded the director of Rush Hour to take "fuck" out of the script.100 Chan's greatest regret in life is not having received a proper education,101 inspiring him to fund educational institutions around the world. He funded the construction of the Jackie Chan Science Centre at the Australian National University102 and the establishment of schools in poor regions of China.103
Chan is a spokesperson for the Government of Hong Kong, appearing in public service announcements. In a Clean Hong Kong commercial, he urged the people of Hong Kong to be more considerate with regards to littering, a problem that has been widespread for decades.104 Furthermore, in an advertisement promoting nationalism, he gave a short explanation of the March of the Volunteers, the national anthem of the People's Republic of China.105 When Hong Kong Disneyland opened in 2005, Chan participated in the opening ceremony.106 In the United States, Chan appeared alongside Arnold Schwarzenegger in a government advert to combat copyright infringement and made another public service announcement with Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca to encourage people, especially Asians, to join the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department.107108
Construction has begun on a Jackie Chan museum in Shanghai. In November 2013 a statue of Chan was unveiled in front of what is now known as the JC Film Gallery, scheduled to open in the spring of 2014.109
On 25 June 2013, Chan responded to a hoax Facebook page created a few days earlier that alleged he had died. He said that several people contacted him to congratulate him on his recent engagement, and soon thereafter contacted him again to ask if he was still alive. He posted a Facebook message, commenting: "If I died, I would probably tell the world!"110111
On 1 February 2015, Chan was awarded the title of Panglima Mahkota Wilayah by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Tuanku Abdul Halim in conjunction with the country's Federal Territory Day. It carries the title of Datuk in Malaysia.112113
In 2015, a made-up word inspired by Chan's description of his hair during an interview for a commercial, duang, became an internet viral meme in China. The Chinese character for the word is a composite of two characters of Chan's name.114
Political views and controversy
During a news conference in Shanghai on 28 March 2004, Chan referred to the recently concluded Republic of China 2004 presidential election in Taiwan, in which Democratic Progressive Party candidates Chen Shui-bian and Annette Lu were re-elected as President and Vice-President, as "the biggest joke in the world".70115116 A Taiwanese legislator and senior member of the DPP, Parris Chang, called for the government of Taiwan to ban his films and bar him the right to visit Taiwan.70 Police and security personnel separated Chan from scores of protesters shouting "Jackie Chan, get out" when he arrived at Taipei airport in June 2008.117
Referring to his participation in the torch relay for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Chan spoke out against demonstrators who disrupted the relay several times attempting to draw attention to a wide-ranging number of grievances against the Chinese government. He warned that "publicity seekers" planning to stop him from carrying the Olympic Torch "not get anywhere near" him. Chan also argued that China was attempting reform and that the Olympics coverage that year would be a chance for the country to learn from the outside world.118
In 2009, Chan was named an "anti-drug ambassador" by the Chinese government, actively taking part in anti-drug campaigns and supporting President Xi Jinping's declaration that illegal drugs should be eradicated, and their users punished severely. In 2014, when his own son Jaycee was arrested for cannabis use, he said that he was "angry", "shocked", "heartbroken" and "ashamed" of his son. He also remarked, "I hope all young people will learn a lesson from Jaycee and stay far from the harm of drugs. I say to Jaycee that you have to accept the consequences when you do something wrong."119
On 18 April 2009, during a panel discussion at the annual Boao Forum for Asia, he questioned whether or not broad freedom is a good thing.120 Noting the strong tensions in Hong Kong and Taiwan, he said, "I'm gradually beginning to feel that we Chinese need to be controlled. If we're not being controlled, we'll just do what we want."121122 Chan's comments prompted angry responses from several prominent figures in Taiwan and Hong Kong.123124 A spokesman later said Chan was referring to freedom in the entertainment industry, rather than in Chinese society at large.125
In December 2012, Chan caused outrage when he criticized Hong Kong as a "city of protest", suggesting that demonstrators' rights in Hong Kong should be limited.126 The same month, in an interview with Phoenix TV, Chan stated that the United States was the "most corrupt" country in the world,127128 which in turn angered parts of the online community128 and prompted a critical response from journalist Max Fisher, who argued that Chan's comments were rooted "not just in attitudes toward America but in China's proud but sometimes insecure view of itself."129 Other articles situated Chan's comments in the context of his career and life in America, including his "embrace of the American film market"129 and his seeking asylum in the United States from Hong Kong triads.130
Entrepreneurship and philanthropy
In addition to his film production and distribution company, JCE Movies Limited, Jackie Chan also owns or co-owns the production companies JC Group China, Jackie & Willie Productions131 (with Willie Chan) and Jackie & JJ Productions.132 Chan has also put his name to Jackie Chan Theater International, a cinema chain in China, co-run by Hong Kong company Sparkle Roll Group Ltd. The first—Jackie Chan-Yaolai International Cinema—opened in February 2010, and is claimed to be the largest cinema complex in China, with 17 screens and 3,500 seats. Chan expressed his hopes that the size of the venue would afford young, non-commercial directors the opportunity to have their films screened. 15 further cinemas in the chain are planned for 2010,needs update throughout Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, with a potential total of 65 cinemas throughout the country proposed.133134
In 2004, Chan launched his own line of clothing, which bears a Chinese dragon logo and the English word "Jackie", or the initials "JC".135 Chan also has a number of other branded businesses. His sushi restaurant chain, Jackie's Kitchen, has outlets throughout Hong Kong, as well as seven in South Korea and one in Hawaii, with plans to open another in Las Vegas. Jackie Chan's Cafe has outlets in Beijing, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and the Philippines. Other ventures include Jackie Chan Signature Club gyms (a partnership with California Fitness), and a line of chocolates, cookies and nutritional oatcakes.136 With each of his businesses, a percentage of the profits goes to various charities, including the Jackie Chan Charitable Foundation.
Chan is a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, and has championed charitable works and causes. He has campaigned for conservation, against animal abuse and has promoted disaster relief efforts for floods in mainland China and the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.6137138
In June 2006, citing his admiration of the efforts made by Warren Buffett and Bill Gates to help those in need, Chan pledged the donation of half his assets to charity upon his death.139 On 10 March 2008, Chan was the guest of honour for the launch, by Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, of the Jackie Chan Science Centre at the John Curtin School of Medical Research of the Australian National University. Chan is also a supporter and ambassador of Save China's Tigers, which aims to save the endangered South China Tiger through breeding and releasing them into the wild.140 Following the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Chan donated RMB ¥10 million to help those in need. In addition, he is planning to make a film about the Chinese earthquake to raise money for survivors.141 In response to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, Chan and fellow Hong Kong-based celebrities, including American rapper MC Jin, headlined a special three-hour charity concert, titled Artistes 311 Love Beyond Borders, on 1 April 2011 to help with Japan's disaster recovery effort.142143 The 3-hour concert raised over $3.3 million.144
Chan founded the Jackie Chan Charitable Foundation in 1988, to offers scholarship and active help to Hong Kong's young people and provide aid to victims of natural disaster or illness.3 In 2005 Chan created the Dragon's Heart Foundation to help children and the elderly in remote areas of China by building schools, providing books, fees, and uniforms for children; the organization expanded its reach to Europe in 2011.145146 The foundation also provides for the elderly with donations of warm clothing, wheelchairs, and other items.
Awards and nominations
- 8th American Choreography Innovator Awards – Won147
- 1993 Asia-Pacific Film Lifetime Achievement Award – Won
- 2005 Asia-Pacific Film Special Jury Award – Won
- 2000 Special Award for Global Impact – Won
- 1999 Favorite Duo – Action/Adventure (for Rush Hour) – Won
- 2001 Favorite Action Team (for Shanghai Noon) – Nominated
- 1998 Maverick Spirit Award – Won
- 2002 Performer in an Animated Program (for Jackie Chan Adventures) – Nominated
- 2005 Outstanding Contribution Award – Won
- 2005 Best Actor (for New Police Story) – Won
- 1999 Actor of the Year – Won
- 1983 Best Action Choreography (for Dragon Lord) – Nominated (shared with Hark-On Fung and Yuen Kuni)
- 1985 Best Actor (for Project A) – Nominated
- 1986 Best Director (for Police Story) – Nominated
- 1986 Best Actor (for Police Story) – Nominated
- 1986 Best Actor (for Heart of Dragon) – Nominated
- 1989 Best Picture (for Rouge) – Won
- 1990 Best Actor (for Miracles) – Nominated
- 1993 Best Actor (for Supercop) – Nominated
- 1994 Best Actor (for Crime Story) – Nominated
- 1994 Best Action Choreography (for Crime Story) – Nominated
- 1996 Best Actor (for Rumble in the Bronx) – Nominated
- 1996 Best Action Choreography (for Rumble in the Bronx) – Won
- 1997 Best Actor (for Dragon Lord) – Nominated
- 1999 Best Actor (for Who Am I?) – Nominated
- 1999 Best Action Choreography (for Who Am I?) – Won
- 2000 Best Action Choreography (for Gorgeous) – Nominated (shared with Jackie Chan Stunt Team)
- 2005 Best Actor (for New Police Story) – Nominated
- 2005 Professional Achievement Award – Won
- 2006 Best Original Film Song (for The Myth) – Nominated (shared with Choi Jun Young, Wang Zhong Yan, and Hee-seon Kim)
- 2006 Best Action Choreography (for The Myth) – Nominated (shared with Stanley Tong, Tak Yuen)
- 2007 Best Action Choreography (for Robin-B-Hood) – Nominated (shared with Chung Chi Li)
- 2010 Best Film (for Shinjuku Incident) – Nominated
- 2013 Best Action Choreography (for CZ12) – Won
- 2006 Best Actor (for New Police Story) – Nominated
- 2002 Favorite Male Movie Star (for Rush Hour 2) – Nominated
- 2002 Favorite Male Action Hero (for Rush Hour 2) – Won
- 2003 Favorite Movie Actor (for The Tuxedo) – Nominated
- 2003 Favorite Male Butt Kicker (for The Tuxedo) – Won
- 2011 Favorite Butt Kicker (for The Karate Kid) – Won
- Grand Prix des Amériques – Won
- 1995 Lifetime Achievement Award – Won
- 1996 Best Fight (for Rumble in the Bronx) – Nominated
- 1997 Best Fight (for Police Story 4: First Strike) – Nominated
- 1999 Best Fight (for Rush Hour) – Nominated (shared with Chris Tucker)
- 1999 Best On-Screen Duo (for Rush Hour) – Won (shared with Chris Tucker)
- 2002 Best On-Screen Team (for Rush Hour 2) – Nominated (shared with Chris Tucker)
- 2002 Best Fight (for Rush Hour 2) – Won (shared with Chris Tucker)
- 2003 Best On-Screen Team (for Shanghai Knights) – Nominated (shared with Owen Wilson)
- 2008 Best Fight (for Rush Hour 3) – Nominated (shared with Chris Tucker and Sun Mingming)
- 2008 Favorite on Screen Match-up (for Rush Hour 3) – Nominated (shared with Chris Tucker)
- 2011 Favorite On-Screen Team (for The Karate Kid) – Nominated (shared with Jaden Smith)
- 2011 Favorite Action Star – Won
- 2005 Outstanding Contribution to Chinese Cinema – Won
- 2002 Film – Choice Chemistry (for Rush Hour 2) – Nominated (shared with Chris Tucker)
- 2008 Choice Movie Actor: Action Adventure (for The Forbidden Kingdom) – Nominated
- 2002 Motion Picture – Won (Star on the Walk of Fame)
- 2002 Taurus Honorary Award – Won
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|last1=in Authors list (help)
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Cite error: Invalid
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|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jackie Chan|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jackie Chan.|
- Official website
- Jackie Chan at the Internet Movie Database
- Jackie Chan at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase
- Jackie Chan at AllMovie
- Jackie Chan at Rotten Tomatoes