Hybrid martial arts
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Hybrid martial arts, also known as hybrid fighting systems or sometimes freestyle fighting, refer to martial arts or fighting systems that incorporate techniques and theories from several particular martial arts. While numerous martial arts borrow or adapt from other arts and to some extent could be considered hybrids, a hybrid martial art emphasizes its disparate origins.
The idea of hybridization or "mixing" of martial arts traditions originates in the 19th to early 20th century, when Asian traditions first came to the attention of European practitioners.
The concept rose to wide popularity during the 1960s and 1970s, with the development of Bruce Lee's Jeet Kune Do (1967) that uses aspects derived from various arts including Wing Chun and Western boxing; modern kickboxing styles that incorporate elements of Karate, Muay Thai and Western boxing; and Krav Maga, an Israeli military combat and self defense fighting system incorporating Western boxing, savate, Muay Thai, Wing Chun, Judo, jiu-jitsu, wrestling, and grappling.
Hybrids also include many lesser known styles, including Zen Do Kai (1970), which incorporates Muay Thai, kickboxing and elements of judo, Taekwondo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, and many other martial arts. Robert Beal created a style he called "Bushido", which is a blend of various Chinese and Japanese fighting styles mixed with western boxing. Fred Degerberg, who studied with Beal and helped create "Bushido," teaches his own variation of blended martial arts.
Since 1993, hybridization of martial arts has culminated in the development of mixed martial arts, a practice which combined the already hybridized styles of Brazilian Vale tudo fighting and kickboxing, among others. The term mixed martial arts, while in its literal meaning a synonym, has come to refer this specific combat sport.
- Jeet Kune Do
- Krav Maga
- Savate - a form of kickboxing developed by French sailors, may qualify as an early example.citation needed
- Bartitsu1 - created in 1899 as a combination of several forms of traditional jujutsu, Kodokan judo, English boxing, French savate, wrestling, fencing and stick fighting
- Sanjuro - a British martial art combining influences of different styles and dance, also used in special educational needs and disabilities therapy2
- Zen Do Kai
- Sambo - generally acknowledged as a hybridized form of judo and international freestyle wrestling