Huizhou next to Linghu
|Motto: A city to benefit people (惠民之州)|
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Huicheng District|
|• CPC Secretary||Chen Yiwei (陈奕威)|
|• Mayor||Mai Jiaomeng (麦教猛)|
|• Prefecture-level city||10,922 km2 (4,217 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,672 km2 (1,032 sq mi)|
|• Coastline||223.6 km2 (86.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|Population (2010 census1)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,598,402|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP||¥2368.9 billion (2012)|
|GDP per capita||¥38,650 (2012)|
|Cantonese Jyutping||Wai6 zau1|
|Literal meaning||Benefit prefecture|
Huìzhōu (Chinese: 惠州) is a city located in central Guangdong province of the People's Republic of China. Part of the Pearl River Delta, Huizhou borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the west, Shaoguan to the north, Heyuan to the northeast, Shanwei to the east, Shenzhen and Dongguan to the southwest, and looks out to Daya Bay on the South China Sea to the south. Administered as a prefecture-level city, it has 4.6 million residents in its area of jurisdiction.
Its southern part made of Huiyang district is now part of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen built-up area, the biggest built-up area in the world with more than 44,478,513 inhabitants at the 2010 census encompassing the whole Shenzhen, Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Macao cities, main part of Guangzhou, and small parts of Jiangmen and Huizhou cities.
There are two main dialects spoken by local people in Huizhou: Hakka and a Cantonese dialect which is Huizhou hua (惠州话/惠州話). The two dialects are somewhat interrelated and similar so people can easily understand each other. As more newcomers from the other provinces come to work in Huizhou, Mandarin has become the other popular language in Huizhou.
|Map||#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010 Census)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Huicheng District||惠城区||Huìchéng Qū||1,579,818||1,488.45||1,061|
|2||Huiyang District||惠阳区||Huìyáng Qū||764,816||1,205.44||664|
|3||Boluo County||博罗县||Bóluó Xiàn||1,038,198||2,855.11||364|
|4||Huidong County||惠东县||Huìdōng Xiàn||908,390||3,526.73||258|
|5||Longmen County||龙门县||Lóngmén Xiàn||307,180||2,267.2||135|
In the provincial economic development strategy, Huizhou is regarded as a site for a world-class petrochemical industry, as well as a hub for developing information technology, and expanding exports and trade.
TCL Corporation is a multinational electronics company headquartered in the city.
Other foreign investors / manufacturing companies:
Desay; Viasystems; WalMart; AEON
- Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone
Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone was approved by the State Council in 1993. It had an initial area of 9.98 km2 (3.85 sq mi), and in 2006, the State Council expanded the zone to 23.6 km2 (9.1 sq mi) in 3 phases. Industries encouraged in the zone include Automobile Production/Assembly, Chemical Production and Processing, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing and more.2
- Huizhou Export Processing Zone
Huizhou Export Processing Zone was approved by Guangdong Provincial Government in June, 2005. Its parent zone is Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone. The planned area is 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). The zone is suitable for companies focused on electronics, auto parts, textile and chemicals.3
- Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone is connected with Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan by Huizhou-Shenzhen Highway, Guangzhou-Huizhou Highway and Dongguan-Huizhou Highway. Beijing-Kowloon Railway and Huizhou-Aotou Railway also run through the zone, linking it with Beijing, Hong Kong, and other cities along the railway. Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is within one-and-a-half hour's drive from the zone. Huizhou Zhongkai HIDZ has established electronics, information technology and optical-, mechanical- and electronic-integration as its major industries. It also encourages investment in new materials, telecommunications, and other high-tech industries. The zone is one of the National Electronic Information Industry Bases and National Video and Audio Products Parks in China. The zone has attracted many large multinational companies. Major investors include Sony, SPG, Futaba, Coca Cola, LG and Siemens.4
The town is also well served by modern highway system to other major towns within Guangdong province, like Shenzhen and Guangzhou. It is about 2hr-drive by bus from Shenzhen Baoan Int'l Airport.
A mass rapid transit linking Shenzhen is well under construction as of 2011.
Huizhou is headquarters of the 42nd Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Guangzhou Military Region responsible for the defense of China's southern coast and its border with Vietnam.
|Climate data for Huizhou (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.6
|Average low °C (°F)||10.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||37.3
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||6.3||10.6||12.6||14.5||18.3||18.7||17.2||18.4||13.0||6.6||5.1||4.8||146.1|
|Source: Weather China|
- Daya Bay Daya Bay is located to the southeast of Huizhou City, on the South China Sea, with waters covering an area of nearly 500 km2 (190 sq mi). There are nearly 100 islands and reefs in the bay. The climate is described as a typical subtropical oceanic climate, with temperatures averaging 21.8 degrees over the year. Parts of the bay have been described by travelchinaguide.com as "an unpolluted, quiet paradise for those sea-lovers."5
- Beach Spa Huizhou's seashore hot springs are filled with geothermal minerals, and boast a temperature of nearly 70 degrees Celsius. These waters are said to have dozens of benefits to human health, due to the aforementioned minerals. The National Standards board has labelled the water as the best salt water hot spring spas.(citation needed)
- Sea-level city The Sea city was built in the 18th year of the Ming dynasty, under the Hongwu Emperor (AD 1385), giving it a history of over 600 years. It is found south of the Five Ridges known locally as the "living fossil of culture".(citation needed)
- Elephant Head Mountain Elephant head mountain scenic area is located in the south of Boluo County,18 kilometres away from the Huizhou city area, and covers an area of 33 km2 (13 sq mi). Elephant head mountain is formed in the Cretaceous period of igneous rock, and sports a main peak reaching an elevation of 1023 meters above sea level. The mountain bedrock forms a unique " stone egg" landscape.(citation needed)
Huizhou is twinned with:
- RightSite.asia | Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone
- RightSite.asia | Huizhou Export Processing Zone
- RightSite.asia | Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone
- travelchinaguide.com | Huizhou Travel Guide
- Wainwright, Oliver (7 January 2013). "Seeing double: what China's copycat culture means for architecture". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved 2014-11-15.
- Sister City of Milpitas, California
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huizhou.|
- Government website of Huizhou (Chinese)