Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

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Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching tiger hidden dragon poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Ang Lee
Produced by Hsu Li-Kong
William Kong
Ang Lee
Screenplay by Hui-Ling Wang
James Schamus
Tsai Kuo-Jung
Story by Wang Dulu
Starring Chow Yun-fat
Michelle Yeoh
Zhang Ziyi
Chang Chen
Music by Tan Dun
Cinematography Peter Pau
Edited by Tim Squyres
Distributed by EDKO Film (HK)
Sony Pictures Classics (US)
Release dates
  • July 6, 2000 (2000-07-06) (Hong Kong)
  • July 7, 2000 (2000-07-07) (Taiwan)
  • December 8, 2000 (2000-12-08) (United States)
Running time 120 minutes
Country Taiwan
Hong Kong
United States
China
Language Mandarin
Budget $17,000,0001
Box office $213,525,7361
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Traditional Chinese 臥虎藏龍
Simplified Chinese 卧虎藏龙

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a 2000 wuxia film. An American-Chinese-Hong Kong-Taiwanese co-production, the film was directed by Ang Lee and featured an international cast of ethnic Chinese actors, including Chow Yun-fat, Michelle Yeoh, Zhang Ziyi and Chang Chen. The film was based on the fourth novel in a pentalogy, known in China as the Crane Iron Pentalogy, by wuxia novelist Wang Dulu. The martial arts and action sequences were choreographed by Yuen Wo Ping.

Made on a US$17 million budget, with dialogue in Mandarin, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon became a surprise international success, grossing $213.5 million. It grossed US$128 million in the United States, becoming the highest-grossing foreign-language film in American history. It has won over 40 awards. The film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film (Taiwan) and three other Academy Awards, and was nominated for six other Academy Awards, including Best Picture.2 The film also won four BAFTAs and two Golden Globe Awards, one for Best Foreign Film. Along with its awards success, Crouching Tiger continues to be hailed as one of the greatest and most influential foreign language films in the United States, especially coming out of China. It has been praised for its martial arts sequences, story, direction, musical score and cinematography.

Plot

The film is set in the Qing Dynasty during the 43rd year (1779) of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor. Li Mu Bai (Chow Yun-fat) is an accomplished Wudang swordsman. Long ago, his master was murdered by Jade Fox (Cheng Pei-pei), a woman who sought to learn Wudang skills. Mu Bai is also a good friend of Yu Shu Lien (Michelle Yeoh), a female warrior. Mu Bai and Shu Lien have developed feelings for each other, but they have never acknowledged or acted on them. Mu Bai, intending to give up his warrior life, asks Shu Lien to transport his sword, also referred to as the Green Destiny, to the city of Beijing, as a gift for their friend Sir Te (Sihung Lung). At Sir Te's estate, Shu Lien meets Jen (Zhang Ziyi), the daughter of Governor Yu (Li Fazeng), a visiting Manchu aristocrat. Jen, destined for an arranged marriage and yearning for adventure, seems envious of Shu Lien's warrior lifestyle.

One evening, a masked thief sneaks into Sir Te's estate and steals the sword. Mu Bai and Shu Lien trace the theft to Governor Yu's compound and learn that Jade Fox has been posing as Jen's governess for many years. Mu Bai makes the acquaintance of Inspector Tsai (Wang Deming), a police investigator from the provinces, and his daughter May (Li Li), who have come to Peking in pursuit of Fox. Fox challenges the pair and Sir Te's servant Master Bo (Gao Xi'an) to a showdown that night. Following a protracted battle, the group is on the verge of defeat when Mu Bai arrives and outmaneuvers Fox. Before Mu Bai can kill Fox, the masked thief reappears and partners with Fox to fight. Fox resumes the fight and kills Tsai before fleeing with the thief (who is revealed to be Fox's protegée, Jen). After seeing Jen fight Mu Bai, Fox realizes Jen had been secretly studying the Wudang manual and has surpassed her in skill.

At night, a desert bandit named Lo (Chang Chen) breaks into Jen's bedroom and asks her to leave with him. A flashback reveals that in the past, when Governor Yu and his family were traveling in the western deserts, Lo and his bandits had raided Jen's caravan and Lo had stolen her comb. She chased after him, following him to his desert cave seemingly in a quest to get her comb back. However, the pair soon fell passionately in love. Lo eventually convinced Jen to return to her family, though not before telling her a legend of a man who jumped off a cliff to make his wishes come true. Because the man's heart was pure, he did not die. Lo came to Peking to persuade Jen not to go through with her arranged marriage. However, Jen refuses to leave with him. Later, Lo interrupts Jen's wedding procession, begging her to come away with him. Nearby, Shu Lien and Mu Bai convince Lo to wait for Jen at Mount Wudang, where he will be safe from Jen's family, who are furious with him. Jen runs away from her husband on the wedding night before the marriage could be consummated. Disguised in male clothing, she is accosted at an inn by a large group of warriors; armed with the Green Destiny and her own superior skill, she emerges victorious.

Jen visits Shu Lien, who tells her that Lo is waiting for her at Mount Wudang. After an angry dispute, the two women engage in a duel. Wielding the Green Destiny, Jen destroys each weapon that Shu Lien wields until losing to a broken sword held at her neck. When Shu Lien shows mercy and lowers the sword, Jen injures Shu Lien's arm. Mu Bai arrives and pursues Jen into a bamboo forest. Following a duel where Mu Bai regains possession of the Green Destiny, he decides to throw the sword over a waterfall. In pursuit, Jen dives into an adjoining river to retrieve the sword and is then rescued by Fox. Fox puts Jen into a drugged sleep and places her in a cavern; Mu Bai and Shu Lien discover her there. Fox suddenly reappears and attacks the others with poisoned darts. Mu Bai blocks the needles with his sword and avenges his master's death by mortally wounding Fox, only to realize that one of the darts hit him in the neck. Fox dies, confessing that her goal had been to kill Jen, because she was furious that Jen hid the secrets of Wudang from her.

As Jen exits to retrieve an ingredient for the antidote for the poisoned dart, Mu Bai prepares to die. With his last breaths, he finally confesses his love for Shu Lien. He dies in her arms as Jen returns, too late to save him. The Green Destiny is returned to Sir Te. Jen later goes to Mount Wudang and spends one last night with Lo. The next morning, Lo finds Jen standing on a balcony overlooking the edge of the mountain. In an echo of the legend that they spoke about in the desert, she asks him to make a wish. He complies, wishing for them to be together, back in the desert. Jen then leaps over the side of the mountain.

Cast

Actor Chow Yun-Fat who portrayed Li Mu Bai
  • Chow Yun-fat as Li Mu Bai (C: 李慕白, P: Lǐ Mùbái)
  • Michelle Yeoh as Yu Shu Lien (T: 俞秀蓮, S: 俞秀莲, P: Yú Xiùlián)
  • Zhang Ziyi as Jen Yu (English subtitled version) / Yu Jiaolong (English dubbed version) (T: 玉嬌龍, S: 玉娇龙, P: Yù Jiāolóng)
  • Chang Chen as Lo "Dark Cloud" (English subtitled version) / Luo Xiaohu (English dubbed version) (T: 羅小虎, S: 罗小虎, P: Luó Xiǎohǔ)
  • Cheng Pei-pei as Jade Fox (C: 碧眼狐狸, P: Bìyǎn Húli)
  • Sihung Lung as Sir Te (T: 貝勒爺, C: 贝勒爷, P: Bèi-lèyé)
  • Li Fazeng as Governor Yu
  • Gao Xi'an as Bo
  • Hai Yan as Madam Yu
  • Wang Deming as Police inspector Tsai / Prefect Cai Qiu
  • Huang Suying as Aunt Wu
  • Yang Rui as Maid
  • Li Kai as Gou Jun Pei
  • Feng Jianhua as Gou Jun Sinung
  • Ma Zhongxuan as Mi Biao
  • Li Baocheng as Fung Machete Chang
  • Yang Yongde as Monk Jing
  • Zhang Shaocheng as Nightman

Themes and interpretations

Title

The name "Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon" is a literal translation of the Chinese idiom "臥虎藏龍" which describes a place or situation that is full of danger. It is from a poem of the ancient Chinese poet Yu Xin's (513-581) that reads "暗石疑藏虎,盤根似臥龍", which means "behind the rock in the dark probably hides a tiger, and the coiling giant root resembles a crouching dragon."3 The last character in Xiaohu and Jiaolong's names mean "Tiger" and "Dragon" respectively.

Teacher-student relationship

A teacher's desire to have a worthy student, the obligations between a student and a master, and tensions in these relationships are central to the characters' motives, conflicts between the characters, and the unfolding of the film's plot. Li Mu Bai is burdened with the responsibility for avenging his master's death, and turns his back on retirement to live up to this obligation. His fascination with the prospect of having Jen as a disciple also motivates his behavior, and that of Jade Fox.

Regarding conflicts in the student-teacher relationship, the potential for exploitation created by the subordinate position of the student and the tensions that exist when a student surpasses or resists a teacher are explored. Jen hides her mastery of martial arts from her teacher, Jade Fox, which leads both to their parting of ways and to Jade Fox's attempt on Jen's life. At the same time, Jade Fox's own unorthodox relationship with a Wudang master (who she claims would not teach her, but did take sexual advantage of her) brought her to a life of crime. At times, Li Mu Bai and Jen's conversations more than hint that the desire for a teacher-student relationship could turn into a romantic relationship.4 Jen responds to these feelings, and her desire to not submit to a teacher, by turning away from Li Mu Bai when she jumps in the lake after the Green Destiny.

Poison

Poison is also a significant theme in the film. In the world of martial arts, poison is considered the act of one who is too cowardly and dishonorable to fight; and indeed, the only character that explicitly fits these characteristics is Jade Fox. The poison is a weapon of her bitterness,5 and quest for vengeance: she poisons the master of Wudang, attempts to poison Jen and succeeds in killing Mu Bai using a poisoned needle.

However, the poison is not only of the physical sort: Jade Fox’s tutelage of Jen has left Jen spiritually poisoned, which can be seen in the lying, stealing and betrayal Jen commits. Even though she is the one who initially trained Jen, Jen is never seen to use poison herself. This indicates that there is hope yet to reform her and integrate her into society. In further play on this theme by the director, Jade Fox, as she dies, refers to the poison from a young child, "the deceit of an eight-year-old girl", obviously referring to what she considers her own spiritual poisoning by her young apprentice Jen. Li Mu Bai himself warns that without guidance, Jen could become a "poison dragon".

Production

The film was originally written as a novel series by Wang Du Lu starting in the late 1930s. The film is adapted from the storyline of the fourth book in the series, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.

Filming

Although its Academy Award was presented to Taiwan, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was in fact an international co-production between companies in four regions: the Chinese company China Film Co-Production Corporation; the American companies Columbia Pictures Film Production Asia, Sony Pictures Classics and Good Machine; the Hong Kong company EDKO Film; and the Taiwanese Zoom Hunt International Productions Company, Ltd; as well as the unspecified United China Vision, and Asia Union Film & Entertainment Ltd., created solely for this film.67

The film was made in Beijing, with location shooting in the Anhui, Hebei, Jiangsu and Xinjiang provinces of China.8 The first phase of shooting was in the Gobi Desert where it would consistently rain. Director Ang Lee noted that "I didn't take one break in eight months, not even for half a day. I was miserable—I just didn't have the extra energy to be happy. Near the end, I could hardly breathe. I thought I was about to have a stroke."9 The stunt work was mostly performed by the actors themselves and Ang Lee stated in an interview that computers were used "only to remove the safety wires that held the actors". "Most of the time you can see their faces," he added, "That's really them in the trees."10

Another compounding issue were the varying accents of the four lead actors: Chow Yun-fat is from Hong Kong and spoke Cantonese natively and Michelle Yeoh is from Malaysia and spoke English. Only Zhang Ziyi spoke with a native Mandarin accent that Ang Lee wanted.9 Chow Yun Fat said that on "the first day [of shooting] I had to do 28 takes just because of the language. That's never happened before in my life."9

Because the film specifically targeted Western audiences rather than the domestic audiences who were already used to Wuxia films, English subtitles were needed. Ang Lee, who was educated in the West, personally edited the subtitles to ensure they were satisfactory for Western audiences.

Soundtrack

The score was composed by Tan Dun, originally performed by Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, Shanghai National Orchestra, and Shanghai Percussion Ensemble. It also features many solo passages for cello played by Yo-Yo Ma. The "last track" (A Love Before Time) features Coco Lee. The music for the entire film was produced in two weeks.11

Marketing

The film was adapted into a video game, a comics series. A 34-episode Taiwanese television series based on the original novel was produced. It was released in 2004 as New Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon for the US and Canadian release.

Reception

Critical response

"Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, which is based on an early 20th century novel by Wang Du Lu, unfolds much like a comic book, with the characters and their circumstances being painted using wide brush strokes. Subtlety is not part of Lee's palette; he is going for something grand and melodramatic, and that's what he gets."
—James Berardinelli, writing in ReelViews12

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was very well received in the Western world, receiving critical acclaim and numerous awards. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 97% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 150 reviews,13 while Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 93 out of 100, based on 31 reviews.14

Some Chinese-speaking viewers were bothered by the accents of the leading actors. Neither Chow (a native Cantonese speaker) nor Yeoh (who was born and raised in Malaysia) speaks Mandarin as a mother tongue. All four main actors spoke with different accents: Chow speaks with a Cantonese accent;15 Yeoh with a Malaysian accent; Chang Chen a Taiwanese accent; and Zhang Ziyi a Beijing accent. Yeoh responded to this complaint in a December 28, 2000, interview with Cinescape. She argued that "My character lived outside of Beijing, and so I didn't have to do the Beijing accent". When the interviewer, Craig Reid, remarked that "My mother-in-law has this strange Sichuan-Mandarin accent that's hard for me to understand", Yeoh responded: "Yes, provinces all have their very own strong accents. When we first started the movie, Cheng Pei Pei was going to have her accent, and Chang Zhen was going to have his accent, and this person would have that accent. And in the end nobody could understand what they were saying. Forget about us, even the crew from Beijing thought this was all weird".16

The film led to a boost in popularity of Chinese wuxia films in the western world, where they were previously little known, and led to films such as House of Flying Daggers and Hero marketed towards western audiences. The film also provided the breakthrough role for Zhang Ziyi's career, who noted that:

Because of movies like Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, and Hero and Memoirs of a Geisha, a lot of people in the United States have become interested not only in me but in Chinese and Asian actors in general. Because of these movies, maybe there will be more opportunities for Asian actors".

The character of Lo, or "Dark Cloud" the desert bandit, influenced the development of the protagonist of the Prince of Persia series of video games.17

The film is ranked at No. 497 on Empire magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time18 and at No. 66 in the magazine's 100 Best Films of World Cinema, published in 2010.19

Box office

The film premiered in cinemas on December 8, 2000 in limited release within the US. During its opening weekend, the film opened in 15th place grossing $663,205 in business, showing at 16 locations.1 On January 12, 2001, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon premiered in cinemas in wide release throughout the US grossing $8,647,295 in business, ranking in 6th place. The film, Save the Last Dance came in 1st place during that weekend grossing $23,444,930.20 The film's revenue dropped by almost 30% in its second week of release, earning $6,080,357. For that particular weekend, the film fell to 8th place screening in 837 theaters. Save the Last Dance, remained unchanged in first place grossing $15,366,047 in box office revenue.1 During its final week in release, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon opened in a distant 50th place with $37,233 in revenue.21 The film went on to top out domestically at $128,078,872 in total ticket sales through a 31-week theatrical run. Internationally, the film took in an additional $85,446,864 in box office business for a combined worldwide total of $213,525,736.1 For 2000 as a whole, the film would cumulatively rank at a worldwide box office performance position of 19.22

Accolades

Gathering widespread critical acclaim at the Toronto and New York film festivals, the film also became a favorite when Academy Awards nominations were announced in 2001. The film was however screened out of competition at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival.23

Award2425 Category Nominee Result
73rd Academy Awards26 Best Foreign Language Film Ang Lee Won
Best Picture Hsu-Li Kong, William Kong, Ang Lee Nominated
Best Director Ang Lee Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Tsai Kuo-Jung, Hui-Ling Wang, James Schamus Nominated
Best Original Song Jorge Calandrelli, Tan Dun, James Schamus Nominated
Best Costume Design Tim Yip Nominated
Best Art Direction Tim Yip Won
Best Film Editing Tim Squyres Nominated
Best Original Score Tan Dun Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
2000 American Society of Cinematographers Awards Best Cinematography Peter Pau Nominated
54th British Academy Film Awards27 Best Film Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Won
Best Actress in a Leading Role Michelle Yeoh Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Zhang Ziyi Nominated
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Nominated
Best Makeup and Hair Nominated
Best Editing Tim Squyres Nominated
Best Costume Design Tim Yip Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Music Tan Dun Won
Best Adapted Screenplay Tsai Kuo-Jung, Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus Nominated
Best Production Design Tim Yip Nominated
Best Sound Nominated
Best Visual Effects Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 200028 Best Foreign Film Won
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards 200029 Most Promising Actress Zhang Ziyi Won
Best Original Score Tan Dun Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Foreign Film Won
2000 Directors Guild of America Awards30 Best Director Ang Lee Won
58th Golden Globe Awards31 Best Foreign Language Film Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Original Score Tan Dun Nominated
20th Hong Kong Film Awards32 Best Film Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Screenplay Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus, Tsai Kuo-Jung Nominated
Best Actor Chow Yun-fat Nominated
Best Actress Zhang Ziyi Nominated
Best Actress Michelle Yeoh Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Chang Chen Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Cheng Pei-pei Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Film Editing Tim Squyres Nominated
Best Art Direction Tim Yip Nominated
Best Costume Make Up Design Tim Yip Nominated
Best Action Choreography Yuen Wo Ping Won
Best Original Film Score Tan Dun Won
Best Original Film Song Tan Dun, Jorge Calandrelli, Yee Kar-Yeung, Coco Lee Won
Best Sound Design Eugene Gearty Won
Independent Spirit Awards 2000 Best Picture Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Supporting Actress Zhang Ziyi Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards 200033 Best Picture Won
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Best Music Score Tan Dun Won
Best Production Design Tim Yip Won
National Board of Review Awards 200034 Best Foreign Language Film Won
Top Foreign Films Shortlisted
2000 New York Film Critics Circle Awards35 Best Cinematography Peter Pau Won
Toronto Film Critics Association Awards 200036 Best Picture Won
Best Director Ang Lee Won
Best Actress Michelle Yeoh Won
Best Supporting Actress Zhang Ziyi Won
2000 Toronto International Film Festival People's Choice Award Ang Lee Won
Writers Guild of America Awards 200037 Best Adapted Screenplay Tsai Kuo-Jung, Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus Nominated
37th Golden Horse Awards – 200038 Best Feature Film Won
Best Director Ang Lee Nominated
Best Leading Actress Michelle Yeoh Nominated
Best Leading Actress Zhang Ziyi Nominated
Best Screenplay Adaption Tsai Kuo-Jung, Wang Hui-Ling, James Schamus Nominated
Best Cinematography Peter Pau Nominated
Best Film Editing Tim Squyres Won
Best Art Direction Tim Yip Nominated
Best Original Score Tan Dun Won
Best Sound Design Eugene Gearty Won
Best Action Choreography Yuen Wo Ping Won
Best Visual Effects Leo Lo, Rob Hodgson Won

Sequel

In January 2013, it was reported that a sequel to the movie would begin shooting in May, with Harvey Weinstein producing. It is to have fight choreography by Yuen Woo Ping and a script by John Fusco, which will be based on the fifth and final book of the Crane-Iron Series, Iron Knight, Silver Vase.39

On March 18, 2013, actor Donnie Yen confirmed rumors that he had been offered a role in the new film.39 Around the same time, there were also conflicting reports on whether Michelle Yeoh has been approached to reprise her role of Yu Shu Lien.3940

On May 16, 2013 it was officially announced that the sequel had been officially greenlit. The film was retitled Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon - The Green Destiny (it was initially announced as Iron Knight, Silver Vase - the same title from its source material). Donnie Yen was confirmed to star as Silent Wolf while Michelle Yeoh was confirmed to be reprising her role as Yu Shu Lien.4142

On August 20, 2013, it was reported that Ziyi Zhang is in talks to reprise her role as Jen Yu.43 But Zhang's agent Ji Lingling told the media that was not true and said: "Zhang would reprise her role only if the director was Ang Lee."44

On June 10, 2014, it was announced that Nicholas Tse was offered the role of "Iron Knight" (the son of Jen Yu and Lo) while Xia Zitong was confirmed to star as "Silver Vase".45

While it was initially announced that production on the film will begin June 2014 and will shoot in New Zealand and China, shooting was later bumped to August 2014.4546

On June 16, 2014, it was announced that the film will be a co-production between Pegasus Media, China Film Group Corporation, and the Weinstein Company, with the film expected to be released in 2016.47

On July 30, 2014, actor Harry Shum, Jr. is cast in the role of Tie-Fang.48

In September 2014, it was announced that this sequel will be released simultaneously on Netflix and select IMAX theatres on August 28, 2015.49

On September 30, 2014, three major theater companies, Regal Entertainment Group, Cinemark Theatres and AMC Theatres announced that they would not carry the film in any of their cinemas.50

References

The theme of Janet Jackson's song "China Love" was related to the film by MTV News, in which Jackson sings of the daughter of an emperor in love with a warrior, unable to sustain relations when forced to marry into royalty.51

The Indian film Magadheera copies its beginning scene from this film.

There is an episode of Jimmy Neutron called "Crouching Jimmy, Hidden Sheen" which parodies the film.

The names of the pterosaur genus Kryptodrakon and the ceratopsian genus Yinlong (both meaning hidden dragon) allude to the film.5253

See also

References

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b c d e "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  2. ^ Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Box Office Mojo. Accessed December 30, 2006.
  3. ^ "Chinese Dictionary – Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon". Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ Jaffe, Valerie. "Fear of Flying: Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon", The Brooklyn Rail, Feb/March 2001.
  5. ^ Fairlamb, Horace L. “Romancing the Tao: How Ang Lee Globalized Ancient Chinese Wisdom,” symploke vol. 15, No. 1-2 (2007), p.196.
  6. ^ Turner Classic Movies. "CROUCHING TIGER, HIDDEN DRAGON (2000): Original Print Information". Turner Broadcasting System. 
  7. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: Cast & Details". TV Guide. 2000. 
  8. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000) - Production Details". Yahoo Movies. 
  9. ^ a b c Corliss, Richard (3 December 2000). "Year of the Tiger". TIME. Retrieved June 29, 2011. a top-flight all-Asian cast featuring Chow Yun Fat (Hong Kong), Michelle Yeoh (Malaysia), Zhang Ziyi (Beijing) and Chang Chen (Taiwan). Only one of the stars--Zhang, then a 19-year-old ingenue--spoke anything like the classical mainland Mandarin that Lee demanded. 
  10. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 20, 2000). "Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 2011-06-29. 
  11. ^ "Tan Dun, a Musical Journey Back to Roots". China International Information Center. 2003. Retrieved 2011-07-24. 
  12. ^ Berardinelli, James (December 2000). "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon". ReelViews. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  13. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon". Metacritic. Retrieved July 21, 2008. 
  15. ^ Hu, Brian (December 20, 2006). "An Accent on Acting: An Interview with Gong Li". UCLA Asia Institute. Accessed December 30, 2006.
  16. ^ Reid, Craig (December 28, 2000). Crouching Tigress: Michelle Yeoh, Part 2. Mania. Accessed May 3, 2010.
  17. ^ "Prince of Persia: Anatomy of a Prince", PlayStation: The Official Magazine 13 (December 2008): 50.
  18. ^ The 500 Greatest Movies Of All Time. Empire. Accessed July 27, 2010.
  19. ^ "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema". Empire. Retrieved December 24, 2011. 
  20. ^ "January 12–14, 2001". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  21. ^ "July 20–22, 2001 Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  22. ^ "2000 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  23. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved October 17, 2009. 
  24. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: Awards & Nominations". MSN Movies. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000)". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  26. ^ "The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences". Oscars.org. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  27. ^ "British Academy of Film and Television Arts". BAFTA.org. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  28. ^ "The 6th Critics' Choice Awards Winners And Nominees". BFCA.org. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Chicago Film Critics Awards – 1998-07". ChicagoFilmCritics.org. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  30. ^ "2000s – DGA Award Winners for: Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film". Directors Guild Of America. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon". GoldenGlobes.org. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Hong Kong Film Awards History". Hong Kong Film Awards. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  33. ^ "26th Annual Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards". LAFCA.net. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Awards for 2000". National Board of Review. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  35. ^ "2000 Awards". New York Film Critics Circle. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  36. ^ "TFCA Awards 2000". Toronto Film Critics Association. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Awards Winners". Writers Guild Awards. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  38. ^ (Chinese) Golden Horse Awards official homepage 37th Golden Horse awards winners and nominees list Retrieved May 21, 2011
  39. ^ a b c Max Nicholson (January 24, 2013). "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Sequel: Fighting followup to begin shooting this May". IGN. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  40. ^ Cinema Online (Mar 19, 2013). ""Crouching Tiger" for Michelle Yeoh". BT Yahoo News Malasia. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  41. ^ "Michelle Yeoh to reprise her role in The Green Destiny | News | Screen". Screendaily.com. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-16. 
  42. ^ "Production on Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon II - The Green Destiny Starts in March 2014". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 2013-05-16. 
  43. ^ Hertzfeld, Laura. "Ziyi Zhang in talks for 'Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon' sequel -- EXCLUSIVE." Entertainment Weekly. August 20, 2013. Retrieved on November 16, 2013.
  44. ^ "经纪人回应章子怡加盟"卧虎2"传闻:李安导一定演". chinadaily.com.cn. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.  (Archive)
  45. ^ a b https://sg.entertainment.yahoo.com/news/nicholas-tse-join-crouching-tiger-2-063500436.html
  46. ^ http://www.deadline.com/2014/04/china-superstar-donnie-yen-signs-with-caa-closes-deal-for-crouching-tiger-hidden-dragon-ii/
  47. ^ http://www.ecns.cn/2014/06-16/119280.shtml
  48. ^ Jeffery, Morgan (July 30, 2014). "'Glee's' Harry Shum Jr. Joins 'Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon' Sequel". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  49. ^ Steel, Emily; Barnes, Brooks (September 29, 2014). "With 'Crouching Tiger' Sequel, Netflix Takes Aim at Hollywood". The New York Times.
  50. ^ Hamedy, Sara (September 30, 2014). "Nation's top theater chains won't carry 'Crouching Tiger' sequel". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 30, 2014. 
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